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This means that, in New Hampshire, firearms dealers selling handguns must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting DOS, but firearm dealers selling long guns must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting the FBI directly. For a discussion of persons prohibited by federal or state law from possessing or purchasing a firearm, see the New Hampshire Prohibited Purchasers Generally section. New Hampshire does not require private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers to initiate a background check when transferring a firearm.

In addition to the background check requirement at the point of sale, all firearm purchasers must have either: 1 a permit to purchase a handgun, allowing the purchase of one handgun per permit; 2 or 2 a Firearms Purchaser Identification Card FPIC , allowing unlimited rifle and shotgun purchases.

Applications to obtain a permit to purchase a handgun or FPIC must be processed through NJSP or local law enforcement, which in turn use NICS and other state and local records to verify that prospective purchasers are not prohibited from possessing a firearm prior to the issuance of a permit to purchase or FPIC.

New Mexico has no law requiring firearms dealers to initiate background check prior to selling a firearm. In New Mexico, all firearms transfers by licensed dealers are processed directly through the FBI, which enforces the federal purchaser prohibitions referenced above.

In , New Mexico passed a law, effective July 1, , that requires private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers to conduct firearm sales through a federally licensed dealer who performs a background check pursuant to federal law. As a result, in New York, firearms dealers must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting the FBI directly.

New York law requires that a NICS background check be completed by a licensed firearms dealer before the sale, exchange, or disposal of any firearm, unless the transaction is between members of an immediate family. Upon completion of the background check by the licensed dealer, the dealer must finalize a document that confirms that such a check was performed. All dealers must maintain transaction records on their premises and the records must be open at all reasonable hours for inspection by law enforcement.

Finally, any violations of these laws are punishable as a misdemeanor. If the transferee is eligible to possess ammunition, the database will provide the seller with a unique identification number that corresponds to the transfer. This requirement will not apply if the background check cannot be completed because the system is not operational or cannot be accessed because of technical error. As of January 15, , New York law establishes a statewide license and record database which is to be created and maintained by the Division of State Police.

Records of granted licenses must be periodically checked by the Division of Criminal Justice Services against criminal conviction, mental health, and all other records necessary to determine their continued accuracy and whether the person is still a valid license holder.

The Division of Criminal Justice Services must also check pending firearm license applications using the statewide database to determine whether a license may be granted. All state agencies must cooperate in making their records available for such checks. In North Carolina, firearms dealers must contact the FBI to process the background check required by federal law if the firearm being transferred is a long gun. If the firearm being transferred is a handgun, the seller regardless of whether or not he or she is a firearms dealer must verify that the purchaser holds either a permit to purchase a handgun or a concealed weapons permit.

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Private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers are not required to conduct background checks when transferring a long gun in North Carolina, although federal and state laws prohibiting certain persons from purchasing or possessing firearms still apply. See the North Carolina Private Sales section. North Dakota has no law requiring firearms dealers to initiate a background check prior to transferring a firearm. In North Dakota, all firearms transfers by licensed dealers are processed directly through the FBI, which enforces the federal prohibitions referenced above.

Firearms transfers by private sellers non-firearms dealers are not subject to background checks in North Dakota, although federal and state purchaser prohibitions still apply. See the North Dakota Private Sales section. Ohio has no law requiring firearms dealers to initiate background checks prior to transferring a firearm. As a result, in Ohio, firearms dealers must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting the FBI directly. Ohio does not require private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers to initiate a background check when transferring a firearm.

Oklahoma is not a point of contact state for firearm purchaser background checks. Oklahoma does not require private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers to initiate a background check when transferring a firearm. Oregon is a point of contact state for the NICS. In , Oregon closed the private sale loophole by enacting a law requiring private or unlicensed firearm sellers to conduct background checks on private or unlicensed purchasers see Private Sales in Oregon for more information.

As of January 1, , when DSP conducts a background check on a prospective purchaser, if DSP determines that the individual is prohibited from possessing a firearm under state law, within hours, DSP is required to report the attempted purchase to all federal, state and local law enforcement agencies and district attorneys that have jurisdiction over the location s where the attempted purchase was made and where the purchaser resides.

Criminal Background Checks for Foster and Adoption by State

Pennsylvania law allows PSP to issue a temporary delay of the approval of the purchase or transfer of a firearm if the criminal history or juvenile delinquency background check indicates a conviction for a misdemeanor that PSP cannot determine is or is not related to domestic violence. See the Pennsylvania Domestic Violence and Firearms section for further information. During the temporary delay, PSP must investigate the conviction with courts and law enforcement or related institutions as necessary to determine whether the misdemeanor conviction involved domestic violence. Law enforcement files concerning any child adjudicated delinquent for any criminal activity that would prohibit him or her from firearm possession must be recorded in the registry of PSP for the limited purpose of firearm background checks.

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For information about the reporting of mental health information for use in firearm purchaser background checks, see the Pennsylvania Mental Health Reporting section. Pennsylvania law requires PSP to maintain a telephone number, operational seven days a week between the hours of 8 a. PSP must also employ and train such personnel as necessary to expeditiously administer these requirements. The person may further appeal an unfavorable decision by the Attorney General in court.

For example, in , more than 11, firearm transfers were denied due to prohibitions in the record of the person attempting to obtain a firearm. For a discussion of persons prohibited by federal or state law from possessing or purchasing a firearm, see the Pennsylvania Prohibited Purchasers Generally section. See the Pennsylvania Private Sales section for more information. In Rhode Island, licensed dealers are required to contact the FBI for the federally required background check. All prospective firearms purchasers in Rhode Island must complete and sign an application form which the seller must send to the state police or local chief of police for the background check.

Note that concealed handgun license holders in Rhode Island are exempt from the Rhode Island background check requirement, but not the federal background check requirement which applies only when the seller is a licensed dealer. South Carolina is not a point of contact state for firearm purchaser background checks. See our Universal Background Checks policy summary.

South Dakota has no law requiring firearms dealers to initiate background checks prior to transferring a firearm although South Dakota does prohibit a dealer from selling a handgun unless the purchaser is personally known to the dealer or presents clear evidence of his or her identity 1. As a result, in South Dakota, firearms dealers must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting the FBI directly. South Dakota does not require private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers to initiate a background check when transferring a firearm.

Tennessee is a point of contact state for firearm purchaser background checks. TBI enforces the federal purchaser prohibitions referenced above. Any person appropriately licensed by the federal government may stock and sell firearms to any potential purchaser not ineligible to receive firearms because such recipient has been convicted of stalking, 2 is addicted to alcohol, is prohibited under the prohibited categories of federal law 3 or has been judicially committed to a mental institution or adjudicated as a mental defective.

TBI may require that the dealer verify the identification of the purchaser if that identity is in question by sending thumbprints of the purchaser to TBI. Firearm transfers will be denied if TBI finds that the potential purchaser has been charged with a crime for which a conviction would cause that purchaser to be prohibited under state or federal law from purchasing, receiving, or possessing a firearm, and a final disposition of the case has not occurred or is not recorded. Sellers of firearms who are not federally licensed dealers are not required to conduct background checks on purchasers in Tennessee.

Texas is not a point of contact state for the NICS. Texas has no law requiring firearms dealers to initiate background checks prior to transferring a firearm.

As a result, in Texas, firearms dealers must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting the FBI directly. Texas does not require private sellers sellers who are not licensed dealers to initiate a background check when transferring a firearm. The District has no law requiring firearms dealers to initiate background checks prior to transferring a firearm.

As a result, firearms dealers must initiate the background check required by federal law by contacting the FBI directly. The Chief of Police initiates backgrounds checks for the issuance of registration certificates, which are required to own and take possession of a firearm in the District. In the District, any private i.

Background Check Procedures: State by State

Utah is a point of contact state for NICS. The dealer must require an individual receiving a firearm to present one form of government-issued photo identification. The individual must consent in writing to the background check and provide personal information on a form provided by BCI. The dealer must then contact BCI by telephone or electronic means. As a result, Utah concealed handgun license holders are exempt from the federal background check requirement when purchasing a firearm.

Firearms transfers by private sellers sellers who are not licensed as firearms dealers are not subject to background checks in Utah.